רֹאשׁ הַשָׁנָהיוֹם כִּפּוּרROSH HASHANAH / YOM KIPPUR


BACKGROUND
On Rosh Hashanah, the Torah reading includes verses from Genesis 24 and Numbers 29. Numbers 29:1 instructs us to hold a holy gathering on the first day of Tishrei:
מִקְרָא-קֹדֶשׁ יִהְיֶה לָכֶם כָּל-מְלֶאכֶת עֲבֹדָהלֹא תַעֲשׂוּ יוֹם תְּרוּעָה יִהְיֶה לָכֶם
You shall have a holy gathering; you shall do no work. It shall be your day of sounding the shofar.

The Torah never mentions the name "New Year" or Rosh Hashanah. Instead, the festival that fall on the first of the Hebrew month of Tishrei is called
Yom Hazikaron/The Day of Remembrance and Yom T'ru-ah/the Day of the Shofar sounding.
In the midrash, Rosh Hashanah is said to be the day on which the world was created (or finished). For that reason, it came to be known as New Year's Day or the birthday of the world.

It is said that Rosh Hashanah, God opens the Book of Life (in which every living person's fate for the future is recorded) and "pencils in" a fate for each human. Ten days later, on Yom Kippur, this fate is sealed. For that reason, the ten days beginning on Rosh Hashanah and ending on Yom Kippur are known as the Yamim Ha-nora'im/ the Days of Awe.

During this ten-day period, Jews attempt to "reverse their fate" or to assure themselves a positive fate by repenting - "doing t'shuvah / returning to good behavior. This process includes looking inward and becoming conscious of those areas where the mark of good behavior was missed.

Yom Kippur does not have a historical story to anchor the holiday, nor does it commemorate a catastrophic event or celebrate any great victory.

Yom Kippur literally means "day of atonement". It is mentioned in the Torah in a passage outlining the religious festivals. It was designated as a day to "practice self-denial" and to relect upon and ask forgiveness for one's sins. The passage from Leviticus 23:26-27 says:
The tenth day of the seventh month (Tishrei//) is the Day of Atonement. You should make it a holy occasion for you. You should practice self-denial and bring a fire-offering to God. You should do no work on that day for it is a day of atonement for you to atone for yourselves before Adonai your God.

High Holiday materials that can be downloaded and printed:Follow Me on PinterestRight click on the image and paste it into a new document. The image can be resized. Or click on the other documents, open and print.

Rosh Hashanah - Yom Kippur Vocabulary

8 pages of holiday vocabulary
High Holiday Word List-1.jpg


High Holiday Throw

Your students will review the Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur symbols.
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High Holiday Bingo

This is an easy way to play bingo with your students.
To create the bingo boards:
Print a blank bingo board and a bingo card for each student. Have your students cut apart each picture and glue it into one of the boxes on the blank bingo board. When all the pictures are glued to the blank board, each student will have a completed bingo board. Laminate, if desired.
To play:
Print one more bingo card - cut apart the letters and the pictures. Please the letters in one pile, face down, and the pictures in another, face down.
The teacher/bingo caller, picks one picture and one letter and calls out the name of the letter and the picture. The students cover the picture only if it's in the row of the letter called. (Note that each player has all the same pictures but in different rows.). Play continues in this way until a player fills a row, column, or a diagonal.
HH_bingo.jpg


Rosh Hashanah QRs

RH qrs.jpg


Rosh Hashanah Brachot

Rosh_Hashanah_brachot.jpg

Rosh Hashanah Brachot - individual brachot

1. Print each of these pdf pages, hang in your classroom or give to individual students to reinforce each brachot.
2. Cut apart the picture and bracha. Have your students match the bracha to its picture.
Rosh_Hashanah_brachot-6_small_images_on_one_page.jpg


Rosh Hashanah poster

Rosh_Hashanah.jpg

Yom Kippur poster

Yom_Kippur.jpg

Shana Tova banners

Print the jpg versions or the pdf version.
shana_tova_banner.jpg
shana_tova_banner2.jpg


Shana Tova poster

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Word Games

These pdfs are in blank and white, ready to print for your students.
Word Match - match the Hebrew word to its definition
Word Search - find each Hebrew word in the puzzle






Resource List

These materials are available from the JECC-Library
This link takes you to the list on the JECC website.